Mezirr The G 2 peak of tetraploids is approximately on channelwhile diploids showed a G 2 peak on channel Enhancing the productivity of secondary metabolites via induced polyploidy. In grade 3, the situation is completely opposite and so, they are most similar to tetraploid plants. Genomic and ploidy manipulation for enhanced production of phyto-pharmaceuticals. This study showed that stomata characteristics markedly differed between diploid and tetraploid plants. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, This is actually a genetic effect which can be seen in all organs, such as seeds, flowers, leaves and shoot.
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General[ edit ] Hyoscyamus muticus, commonly known as Egyptian henbane, is native to Sub-Saharan Africa from Mauritania to Sudan and is also found in Saudi Arabia and the eastern Mediterranean. It grows in arid rocky localities, wadis and plains.
The wild plants are used in traditional local medicine. It is sometimes cultivated in countries such as Egypt, Pakistan and India for its medicinal alkaloids, which may be exported to countries such as Germany.
The lower leaves are broad, while the upper leaves are narrower. They have white or green corolla and upper lips in deep purple-violet. The fruit is a capsule. When released slowly, scopolamine reduces the nausea of motion sickness or post-operative recovery.
In eye drops it dilates the pupils and paralyzes the focusing muscles, which is useful in optical surgery. The leaves may also be applied as a poultice to relieve pain.
The Tuareg people use it as a fish poison. The wives of the Roman emperors Augustus and Claudius used the plant as a poison to eliminate rivals. The dates turned out to be poisoned with a substance that caused dizziness and psychosis.
HYOSCYAMUS MUTICUS PDF