A brilliant child violinist, Ditters played regularly at the age of 12 in the orchestra of Prince von Sachsen-Hildburghausen and later in the orchestra of the Vienna opera. He became friendly with the composer Christoph Gluck and accompanied him in to Bologna , Italy. There Ditters gained considerable celebrity with his violin playing. In he was ennobled by Empress Maria Theresa under the name Ditters von Dittersdorf to enable his appointment as Amtshauptmann district administrator of Freiwaldau.
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Having retired successfully from his martial obligations, he was provided with Royal Letters of Reference and a sinecure with the Imperial Theatre. After having left his first teacher, August Carl studied violin with J.
Ziegler, who, a few years later, and through his influence, made August Carl be appointed as a member of the orchestra at the Benedictine church on the Freyung. By , August Carl had obtained a post with the Viennese Schottenkircheorchestra. Prince Joseph Friedrich von Sachsen-Hildburghausen noticed him and on 1 march hired him for his court orchestra.
At the princely demesne he studied violin with Francesco Trani who, impressed with the ability of his pupil in composition, commended him to Giuseppe Bonno who instructed August Carl in Fuxian Counterpoint and free composition. After a few years the Sachsen-Hildburghausen closed the activity of his orchestra, since he had to leave Wien to assume the regency in Hildburghausen , and August Carl was hired by the Empress for her own Orchestra through Count Durazzo, Theatre Director at the Imperial Court.
In August Carl was made violinist for the Imperial Theatre, and in Orchestra conductor of the same institution. It was during this period that he became acquainted with Gluck. In he traveled to Bologna with Gluck, to attend the performance of the opera Trionfo di Clelia: this "Italian Tour" was to leave the greatest impression on his musical opus, impression received both by Gluck and by the Italian Music treatment and practice. In he traveled to Paris but the documentation about this experience is scarce and uncertain.
In August Carl was back in Wien and in this occasion he made the acquaintance of Joseph Haydn , becoming so one of his closest friends. In Ditters accepted the post of Hoffkomponist court composer , and it was during his tenure at Johannesberg that most of his creative output was produced. Over the next twenty years, he composed symphonies, chamber music, and opere buffe. Since this new post required a noble title, Ditters was sent to Vienna and received a noble title von Dittersdorf.
His surname became "Ditters von Dittersdorf", but he is usually referred to simply as "Dittersdorf". Final years Dittersdorf was the music teacher of Johann Baptist Vanhal. Haydn and Dittersdorf played the violins; Mozart, the viola; and Vanhal; the cello.
The recorder of this event, the composer and tenor Michael Kelly , stated that they played well but not outstanding together, but the image of four of the great composers of the time all joined in common music making is still one of the classic images of the Classical era. In , after twenty-four years at Johannesberg, von Dittersdorf experienced a serious clash with von Schaffgotsch and was expelled from the palace.
His final decade was occupied with overseeing operatic productions and with compiling and editing his own music for publication. Three days before he died, he finished the writing of his autobiography. Style and Fame His early compositions are Gluckian in structure but do not exhibit the courtly style then popular in Germany and Austria. With the exception of his pieces for the double bass and his concerto for harp, his works are seldom performed today. After some early Italian opera buffa , he composed a number of German Singspiele , with Der Apotheker und der Doktor , generally known today as Doktor und Apotheker in particular being a tremendous success in his lifetime, playing in houses all over Europe.
His symphonies around of them are also considered[ who? He also wrote oratorios , cantatas , concertos including two for the double bass and one for the viola , chamber music , piano pieces and other works. His memoirs, Lebenbeschreibung, were published in Leipzig in Works Grosses Concert per 11 strum.
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Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, 1739-1799 : Mozarts Rivale in der Oper
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf