BAKHTIYAR KHILJI PDF

His invasions are believed to have severely damaged the Buddhist establishments at Nalanda , Odantapuri , and Vikramashila. Khaliji destroyed the Nalanda and Vikramshila universities during his raids across North Indian plains, massacring many Buddhist and Brahmin scholars. They razed to the ground Buddhist monasteries with which the country was studded. The monks fled away in thousands to Nepal, Tibet and other places outside India. A very large number were killed outright by the Muslim commanders.

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Bakhtiyar Khalji , the Governor of Bengal, subsequently became obsessed with ambitions of conquering Tibet. The planned invasion also coincided with the Era of Fragmentation and the collapse of the Tibetan Empire.

The expedition was aided by Ali Mech , leader of the Mech tribe in the foothills of India. He was a recent convert to Islam, and he helped the expedition by acting as a guide for them. Surprisingly, they had faced little resistance but it soon became obvious why. The Tibetans had lured Khilji and his army into a trap. The rugged Himalayan mountain passes were an unfamiliar terrain to the invading army, who were more used to the sultry and humid plains of Bengal.

The Tibetans inflicted heavy casualties on the invaders and Khilji decided to retreat. But, all along the escape route, the Tibetans continued to carry out relentless guerrilla-style attacks on the retreating army.

The expedition marched through what is today Kamarupa Assam. They were ambushed by the Kamarupa army. The invasion sparked an Assamese uprising. Khalji ordered his forces to retreat, but all along the mountainous escape route, but his army was attacked by Assamese guerrilla forces.

The invasion army was routed. It is said that of the 10,strong army that had marched into Tibet, only around men returned. One account speaks of him dying from ill health and injury during this retreat to Bengal.

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Bakhtiyar Khalji's Tibet campaign

Bakhtiyar Khalji , the Governor of Bengal, subsequently became obsessed with ambitions of conquering Tibet. The planned invasion also coincided with the Era of Fragmentation and the collapse of the Tibetan Empire. The expedition was aided by Ali Mech , leader of the Mech tribe in the foothills of India. He was a recent convert to Islam, and he helped the expedition by acting as a guide for them. Surprisingly, they had faced little resistance but it soon became obvious why. The Tibetans had lured Khilji and his army into a trap. The rugged Himalayan mountain passes were an unfamiliar terrain to the invading army, who were more used to the sultry and humid plains of Bengal.

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Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji

Rise Khilji came from the town of Garmsir in southern Afghanistan. He was first appointed as the Dewan-i-Ard at Ghor. Then he approached India in about the year and tried to enter in the army of Qutb-al-Din, but was refused rank. Then he went further eastward and took a job under Maklik Hizbar al-Din, then in command of a platoon at Badayun in northern India.

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Early life[ edit ] Bakhtiyar Khalji, a member of the Khalaj tribe, [12] a Turkic tribe long settled in what is now southern Afghanistan , [13] [14] was head of the military force that conquered parts of eastern India at the end of the 12th century and at the beginning of the 13th century. He was first appointed as the Dewan-i-Ard at Ghor. Then he approached India in about the year and tried to enter in the army of Qutb-al-Din , but was refused rank. Then he went further eastward and took a job under Maklik Hizbar al-Din, then in command of a platoon at Badayun in northern India. Khalji soon established himself there and carried out successful raids into weakly-defended regions to the east. Khaliji destroyed the Nalanda and Vikramshila universities during his raids across North Indian plains, massacring many Buddhist and Hindu scholars. In the same year he took his forces into Bengal.

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