See Article History Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, born October 24, , Delft , Netherlands—died August 26, , Delft , Dutch microscopist who was the first to observe bacteria and protozoa. His researches on lower animals refuted the doctrine of spontaneous generation , and his observations helped lay the foundations for the sciences of bacteriology and protozoology. Top Questions How did Antonie van Leeuwenhoek become famous? Antonie van Leeuwenhoek used single-lens microscopes , which he made, to make the first observations of bacteria and protozoa.
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Anton van Leeuwenhoek Microscopic Section through one year old ash tree Fraxinus wood, drawing made by Van Leeuwenhoek. He is known as "the father of microbiology ". He is best known for his work to improve the microscope. Using his handcrafted microscopes, he was the first to see and describe single celled organisms , which he originally referred to as animalcules, and which we now refer to as microorganisms.
He was also the first to record microscopic observations of muscle fibers , bacteria , spermatozoa and blood flow in small blood vessels. Van Leeuwenhoek never wrote books, just letters. In his youth he was apprenticed to a draper; a later Civil position allowed him to devote time to his hobby: grinding lenses and using them to study tiny objects.
With his simple microscopes — skillfully ground, powerful single lenses capable of high image quality — he observed protozoa in rainwater and pond water and well water and bacteria in the human mouth and intestine. He also discovered blood corpuscles, capillaries, and the structure of muscles and nerves. In , he first described the spermatozoa of insects, dogs, and humans. His research on lower animals argued against the doctrine of spontaneous generation , and his observations helped lay the foundations for the sciences of bacteriology and protozoology.
The full correspondence remains in the Royal Society Library. Cite this article:.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek facts for kids
On 4 November, he was baptized as Thonis. His father, Philips Antonisz van Leeuwenhoek, was a basket maker who died when Antonie was only five years old. She remarried Jacob Jansz Molijn, a painter. Antonie had four older sisters: Margriet, Geertruyt, Neeltje, and Catharina. He attended school in Warmond for a short time before being sent to live in Benthuizen with his uncle, an attorney.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek discovered small creature such as bacteria, protozoa, parasitic and free-living protists, blood cells, sperm cells, rotifers, nematodes, hydra and volvox by his own handcrafted microscope. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Family Leeuwenhoek father Antonisz Van Leeuwenhoek was a basket maker and his maternal family were connected with the business of brewers. Antonie father died when he was only five years old. After the death of his father, Antonie mother remarried Jacob Jansz Molijn, a painter by profession. His step-father died when he was only ten years old. In , his wife died and had five children. On 25 January , Leeuwenhoek remarried and his wife was the daughter of a Calvinist minister and she died in
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
She is known for her independent films and documentaries, including one about Alexander Graham Bell. Mary Bellis Updated July 21, Anton van Leeuwenhoek October 24, —August 30, invented the first practical microscopes and used them to become the first person to see and describe bacteria, among other microscopic discoveries. His studies also led to the development of the sciences of bacteriology and protozoology. Contemporaneous Microscopes People had been using magnifying lenses since the 12th century and convex and concave lenses for vision correction since the s and s. In , Dutch lens grinders Hans and Zacharias Janssen constructed a microscope with two lenses in a tube; though it may not have been the first microscope, it was a very early model. Also credited with the invention of the microscope about the same time was Hans Lippershey, the inventor of the telescope. Leeuwenhoek Discoveries With these microscopes, though, he made the microbiological discoveries for which he is famous.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek – A comprehensive biography
Comments Anton Van Leeuwenhoek biography Anton van Leeuwenhoek October 24, — August 26, considered the father of microbiology. He was born in Delft, the Netherlands. Baptized in the Protestant Reformed Church. The occupation of his parents prevented him from studying, so he received a basic education at home. His father died when he was only five years old. As a result, his mother married for the second time and decided to send Anton to a boarding school, located in Warmond.